Situated to the south of the Rif, Ouazzane is a picturesque locality considered as a holy town by both Muslims and Jews. Known also as Dar Dmana, in the 15th century the town welcomed many refugees from Al-Andalus.
The medina extends over the sides of Mount Bou Hallal. Due to its religious character, the town does not have defensive walls or towers. Its southern end is characterized by a clear Judaeo-Andalusian influence in the architecture of the houses. As the spiritual home of various Sufi masters, Ouazzane has numerous marabout (or sanctuaries) which make the town an important place of pilgrimage. One of the most important of these pilgrimages is made to the tomb of Rabbi Amran Ben Diwan, a Jewish saint who lived in the 18th century and who built a reputation of working miracles.
In the oldest part of the medina, the Dar Sqafa neighbourhood is home to the Zawiya de Tabiya, which houses a well-known mosque with an octagonal green minaret, and is the seat of the Ouazzania Sufi fraternity. In the same area is the Kaisaria, the artisans' district, known for its fabrics and carpets of sheep's wool as well as its wooden windows in the Andalusian style.
Nine kilometers to the east is the village of Ajzen, in which women's cooperatives produce different types of couscous and where one can purchase olive oil directly from the traditional olive presses.